On 8 March 1917, the first of two Russian revolutions that year began on the streets of then Russian capital, Petrograd (formerly and currently St Petersburg).
Triggered by striking steel workers, anti-war and other protesters, it was critically joined days later by thousands of women marching on International Women’s Day (IWD, also 8 March) for “peace and bread” and chanting “down with the Tsar”.
Reluctant to restore order, the police and armed forces mutinied, plunging Petrograd into chaos and a parlous political state. Days later, then Tsar, Nicholas II, abdicated his throne, handing power to a provisional government resulting in a tentative Russian republic being established after centuries of absolute monarchy.
Shrewd, opportunistic Marxist warriors such as Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin exploited this fragility over the months and years ahead to bring about a coup, a bloody civil war, mass-nationalisation of land, industry and thought, and a seven-decade-long socialist tyranny called the Soviet Union (see further details below).
Commiserate this anniversary marking the beginning of the Russian revolutions (aided by the union and socialist-conceived IWD) – culminating in over seven decades of Soviet-Marxist tyranny, poverty and misery – by:
- watching these short documentaries on the events and revolutions that so drastically changed Russia, the West and the 20th century
- noting the strong union, socialist and UN roots of the International Women’s Day movement, whose march in Petrograd changed history
- reading further on the Russian revolutions and the emergence of the Marxist-socialist Soviet Union
- reminding your family, friends and young, idealistic minds about the dangers of all forms of Marxism
- reflecting on the tragedy and disappointment that every Marxist regime delivers relative to the utopian paradise always promised
- ensuring friends and loved ones are aware of the lures of Marxism, and/or
- sharing this Action Plan post on social media with family, friends and those less aware (or in need of reminding) of the ravages of Marxism over the last 100 years and the socialist roots of the IWD (which the UN has so unsurprisingly embraced).
Further details on the Russian Revolutions
By early 1917, WWI was going terribly for the Russians. They were the only Allied Power surrounded by the Central Powers enemy (that of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire).
- A key purpose of the Gallipoli/Dardanelles campaign in 1915 of WWI was to defeat or weaken Istanbul and the Ottoman Turks and reopen key supply lines for the people and Allied Power of Russia – lest it fall to the enemy or an even worse political fate (eg a Marxist scourge).
Tsar Nicholas II – whose Romanov family had held the Russian throne for over 300 years – was commanding his troops on the front line, far from his palace and coastal capital, Petrograd where the people were cold, poor, hungry and growing very restless.
Strikes broke out in Petrograd steel works on 3 March (Gregorian calendar, or 18 February Julian calendar) which other workers, students and anti-war protesters joined over subsequent days. These street protests became massive when thousands of women joined in on 8 March – for the union and socialist-rooted IWD march – demanding food, a withdrawal of Russia from WWI (ie bread and peace) and for the Tsar to step down.
Overwhelmed by the size, mix and fervour of the rally, the police and army did not crack down on the protestors and refused subsequent orders from the Tsar to impose martial law and restore order. Within days, this mutiny had forced the Tsar to abdicate. Whilst a provisional government was installed, it continued to support Russia’s increasingly unpopular and crippling war effort.
Sensing opportunity, Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin and their Bolshevik comrades circled – descending on Petrograd, destabilising the shaky provisional government, strongly opposing the war effort and infiltrating the provincial soviets (workers’ councils). Within eight months (7-8 November) – off the back of their slick campaign promising an immediate end to the war, land to the peasants, and bread to the workers – the Bolsheviks pounced.
Leading an armed insurrection by workers and soldiers, the Bolsheviks toppled the provisional government in Petrograd and overthrew the republic. They soon transferred power to the soviets (which they dominated), relocated the capital to inland Moscow, withdrew from the war, slaughtered the Tsar and his family, began a bloody, purging civil war (Bolshevik Reds versus counter-revolutionary, “wrong-thinking” Whites), established the Communist Party and single-party state, and “socialised” the whole Russian economy and society with centrally-planned, state-owned entities controlling most/all assets and activity.
But like with all idealistic Marxist-socialist experiments, the result was poverty, starvation, persecution, misery and tyranny – little different to the latest of these experiments in South America (Venezuela).
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